Monthly Design Review - July 2020

July 25, 2020

 

This month in an effort to look forward to a brighter future we will concentrate on the concept of Utopian Design.

 

 

 

OPERATING MANUAL FOR SPACESHIP EARTH (R. Buckminster Fuller, 1969)

 

 

R. Buckminster Fuller was a futuristic thinker and inventor who preached his comprehensive and radical worldview in books, essays and lectures through most of the 20th century.

 

In this popular book he investigates great challenges facing humanity, likening Earth to a spaceship flying through space with a finite amount of resources and cannot be resupplied. He traces man's intellectual evolution and questions the propensity for specialization, calls for a design revolution of innovation, and offers advice on how to guide “spaceship earth” toward a sustainable future.

 

Fuller's texts remain relevant and essential today, decades after their initial publication. His ideas have influenced generations of designers, urban planners, architects and activists. 

 

Buy the book here. 

 

 

 

 

THE TALE OF TOMORROW: Utopian Architecture in the Modernist Realm (Gestalten, 2016)

 

 

 

This book reviews the rise of the utopian architectural movement in the 1960s and 1970s, charting a shift from mid-century aesthetics in favor of a more experimental post-war agenda. Marked by groundbreaking reinterpretations of both the single family house and large scale developments, the embrace of utopian thinking mirrored the cultural revolution of the times.

 

The book highlights well-known projects such as Eero Saarinen's TWA terminal and Oscar Niemeyer's Communist Party headquarters in Paris, as well as avant-garde and offbeat structures such as Paolo Soleri's Arcosanti.

 

The book's editor, Sofia Borges, calls it “a call to arms.” “Why doesn’t our future look anything like this anymore? What could we take from these lessons, and apply going forward?”

 

Buy the book here.

 

 

 

 

HIPPIE MODERNISM: The Struggle for Utopia (Walker Art Center, 2016)

 

 

This book accompanied an exhibition of the same title examining the art, architecture and design of the counterculture of the 1960s and early 1970s. It includes radical texts and imagery such as the counter design proposals of Victor Papanek and the anti-design polemics of Global Tools; the radical architectural visions of Archigram, Superstudio, Haus Rucker Co and ONYX; the media-based installations of Ken Isaacs, Joan Hills and Helio Oiticica; the experimental films of Bruce Conner; posters and prints by Emory Douglas, Corita Kent and Victor Moscoso; documentation of performances staged by the Diggers and the Cockettes; publications such as Oz Magazine and The Whole Earth Catalog and books by Marshall McLuhan and Buckminster Fuller; and much, much more.

 

Buy the book here.

 

 

 

 

 

BUILDING BRASILIA (Marcel Gautherot, 2010)

 

 

Published on the occasion of Brasilia’s fiftieth anniversary, this book is a celebration in contemporary photography of the building of Brazil’s capital city. Photographer Marcel Gautherot was Oscar Niemeyer’s photographer of choice, meaning he had privileged access to all stages of the building of Brasilia, Brazil’s new capital and a landmark of modernist architecture and urbanism in the 1950s. This book brings together for the first time a large corpus of Gautherot’s work on the city. Gautherot’s sharp, precise, almost clinical eye captures Brasilia as both promising and ominous, tremendous and fragile, heroic and problematic. 

 

 

 

Buy the book here

 

 

 

 

 

WALT DISNEY'S EPCOT CENTER: Creating the New World of Tomorrow (1982)

 

 

 

This book tells the story behind the research, design and building of the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow in Florida's Walt Disney World. The book discusses the original inspiration behind the project - Walt Disney's vision of a futuristic city - and how it evolved into the theme park that opened in the 1980s. 

 

The book presents concept art, plans and models and the design development for each pavilion, including a tour of the grounds. It is a rare behind-the-scenes look at the process of theme-park design, it and captures a vision of the future specific to the era, which has since morphed greatly.

 

Buy the book here

Learn more about Walt Disney's utopian city design here

 

 

 

 

2100: A DYSTOPIAN UTOPIA - The City After Climate Change  (Vanessa Keith, 2017) 

 

 

In this book Vanessa Keith, founder of Brooklyn-based StudioTEKA Design, imagines how humanity might adapt its settlement patterns to new environmental conditions in the face of catastrophic climate change.

 

The book describes current approaches to architecture and urban planning taken by cities worldwide as they adapt to future dangers. Keith and her studio hope the book inspires architects to take an active role and respond to climate change’s most dire scenarios with provocative design solutions.

 

Buy the book here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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